LDL is also called “bad” cholesterol because it blocks your blood vessels and increases your risk for heart disease. It is necessary to take precautions to keep your LDL cholesterol levels within the normal ranges if wanting to avoid cardiovascular events. Elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or “bad”) cholesterol is a clearly established risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Too much of the bad kind, or not enough of the good kind, increases the risk cholesterol will slowly build up in the inner walls of the arteries that feed the heart and brain. It ferries insoluble cholesterol through the bloodstream to the nerves and other tissues that need it. The fact is, elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL), the bad cholesterol, is a major cause of heart disease. This condition can lead to very high LDL levels, and heart attack or stroke at a young age in multiple generations. Dark chocolate contains flavonoids, antioxidants that help lower LDL levels. Eat foods low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and simple carbs. Healthy foods and exercise can cut your LDL levels. Just make sure to eat in moderation, as chocolate is also high in saturated fat and sugar. In the right amount, LDL is good — necessary, actually. That is why LDL cholesterol is referred to as "bad" cholesterol. Having untreated high levels of LDL cholesterol, the “bad” cholesterol, can place you at risk of developing heart disease. This can lead to chest pain and heart attack. (Simple carbs include foods like sugar, white bread, and white crackers.) Cholesterol is a fatty substance that’s needed to build cells. By the age 20, everyone should know their good (HDL), bad (LDL), triglyceride, and total cholesterol numbers. The good news is that, unlike other risk factors, you may be able to prevent high LDL levels or lower your LDL levels if they are already high. This is called familial hypercholesterolemia and is caused by a genetic mutation that decreases the liver’s ability to clear excess cholesterol. A good LDL number is less than 130 – better yet, less than 100. Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) are two types of lipoproteins that are found in your blood. The two types of cholesterol are: LDL cholesterol, which is bad, and HDL, which is good. Lowering LDL with medications and/or lifestyle changes has been shown to lower CVD risk. LDL causes the build-up of fatty deposits within your arteries, reducing or blocking the flow of blood and oxygen your heart needs. Rarely, very high LDL is genetic and passed down in families. Just how far to lower LDL… Low-density lipoprotein particles are small, relatively buoyant spheres made up of lipids (fats) and proteins. 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