Cut it when flowering reaches its peak, generally around mid summer, and you can grow a range of varieties in the garden to extend the cutting period. Such walls radiate a lot of heat, which is very pleasing to lavender. Lavender flowers produce lots of highly concentrated nectar, and they attract masses of bees, butterflies and other insect pollinators, including hoverflies that are useful for natural aphid control. This variety has characteristically long, pointed spikes of violet flowers over a compact dome of greenish foliage. This is a good choice for pots and containers. To combat humidity problems, it is best to mulch them with rock or gravel rather than organic mulch. In aromatherapy, its use is promoted for the relief of headaches and anxiety, and it is said to aid restful sleep. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The dried flowers may remind you of your grandmother’s linen drawers, or potpourri being eaten in a sixties sitcom, but the interest that the commercial farmers are experiencing demonstrates a contemporary demand for this ever-popular natural perfume. Lavandula angustifolia is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a slow rate. How to Plant Munstead. In this type of propagation, take a long branch and push it into a 10 cm deep furrow in the soil. Some specialist nurseries stock about 400 varieties, mostly from the two species Lavandula angustifolia and Lavandula intermedia. Trim back in spring to encourage bushier growth. As might be expected from a plant that has given its name to the colour lavender, the flowers are typically shades of mauve through purple, but white and pink varieties are also available. Most are hardy from Zones 5 to 9; Spanish Lavender (L. stoechas) is only hardy in Zones 7 to 9. This variant is most common and is relatively simple. Hence, it will not be possible to know in advance if the progeny will keep any of the characteristics of the parent, or indeed if they will develop into good plants. The cultivated varieties produce the most beautiful flower forms. Deep purple-blue flowers do not bleach during the summer, according to Pan American Seed. Many people are enchanted by the extremely charming scent and the magically purple flowers. An unusual dwarf variety growing to 25cm tall, with stems of pale pink flowers taking the plant up to 40cm in total. FRENCH LAVENDER FLOWER ESSENTIAL OIL, LAVANDULA (LAVENDER) AROMATIC OIL, LAVANDULA (LAVENDER) FLOWER OIL, LAVANDULA (LAVENDER) HYDROSOL, LAVANDULA … These include True Lavender or Lavandula Angustifolia, Spike Lavender or Lavandula Latifolia as well as Topped Lavender or Lavandula Stoechas. Use a modest amount of a potash-based fertiliser in subsequent growing seasons. One of the darkest hued lavenders from seed. Growing Information: Culture Guidelines. It has showy purple or sometimes pinkish flowers and the gray-green foliage remains attractive well into winter. For lavender hedges, plant a single line of plants at 40cm centres. Q And what is the best distance to plant them apart? Unheated rooms are ideal. For more information about how we started, and our wonderful team check out our ‘About‘ page. In a terra-cotta pot, however, the plants feel well and this happens not only with lavender but with all plants. The right soil is the key point for the lavender shrub. Lavenders are easy to care-for plants and they generally suffer few problems with disease or pests. Give lavender plants space and light in a good, open position that provides direct sunlight for most of the day. Oil rich lavender has long been used in bathing so it's scent is an age old favorite for bed and bath preparations, fragrances and cosmetics. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Lavender is great for the cutting garden and the vase, so bring the prettiness and perfume indoors! Lavender flowers also make a great flavouring for biscuits, cupcakes and muffins, and candied flowers can be used to decorate the cakes for a double taste sensation! They are easy to grow and associate well with other shrubs, perennial plants and roses. It is possible to grow lavender in heavier soils, but it will appreciate the addition of lots of organic matter and gravel to the soil when planting to help to ameliorate the conditions. Larger lavender species require more space in the future and should therefore be planted approximately 70 centimeters apart. Since the plastic pot cannot absorb moisture, the earth partially dries very quickly. The essential oil can be used as a gentle antiseptic for chapped or broken skin and for fungal infections such as athlete’s foot. At the same time it is important that the roots are strong enough to hold the new plant. Lavender is therefore really good for insects, for birds and other wildlife that feed on insects, and for the garden generally. Especially with this plant, it is important to meet its needs. As soon as the intense colors of the pseudo-spikelets grow, the garden remains an eye-catcher. For this, you have, however, several plants that can be used in raised beds. Remove spent blooms to encourage new blooms. Lavandula angustifolia ‘Loddon Pink’ Growing in height and width, it takes up space in the garden after several years and acts as a beautiful eye-catcher. In any case, the rain or irrigation water must be able to drain. English lavender is not native to Britain, and it was probably introduced by the Romans, who valued its culinary, fragrant and medicinal qualities. Q Can I use garden lavender in home-made foods and products? You may need a strong hand here. An enchanting container plant, with the foliage pouring gracefully over the sides. The beautiful plant was rightly given this honor since it is not only an ornamental plant. Interestingly, some white and pink varieties were visited as frequently as the more traditional purple ones. Remember: nutrient-poor, sandy soil is the ideal base for lavender. Not all lavender species are winter-hardy, please keep that in mind when you buy it. It should have a pH between 6.5 and 8.3. Lavandula angustifolia - also called English Lavender, True Lavender or Common Lavender: These Lavenders usually bloom once, but may experience a weak second flush after pruning. 2. Combine 1 inch of compost with light soils such as loam or sandy soil to improve soil drainage and increase the number of air spaces in the soil. English lavender is a short-lived perennial herb that is as popular for its wonderful fragrance as for its colourful flowers. Good drainage and air circulation is essential to success. It is often used with rosemary to make tasty meat marinades. In reflection of light these bright hairy leaves look really bright, this is why it got the nickname “silver leaf”. Lavender can also be affected by sage and Ligurian leafhoppers, two very similar small, sap-feeding insects that live underneath the leaves. A small and compact variety with bicoloured violet and purple flowers. In 2008, True Lavender was chosen as the medical plant of the year. Lavandula angustifolia English Lavender is a shrubby perennial from the genus Lavandula with the Latin name angustifolia meaning "narrow leaf". It grows up to 90cm tall, including the long, tall flower stems, and produces masses of flowers from late July. Lavender plants tolerate drought quite well, but water them a bit through really dry periods, preferably not over their foliage. Lavender does best in conditions that are reminiscent of its native Mediterranean habitat, and especially its free-draining and calcareous soils. Only waterlogging or a lot of moisture from constant rain are almost deadly. The plants will be relatively short-lived in pots, and are unlikely to need re-potting, so long as they are established in a suitably sized pot from the outset. Even short-term drying of well-grown roots does not do any harm. Water the pots sparingly but regularly in summer whenever the surface of the compost feels dry, but keep them dry throughout the winter. It is a variegated variety with rich yellow variegated leaves that fade to a creamy colour later in the summer. The sowing takes place in February/March with fresh potting compost and a kind of mini greenhouse, which provides the seeds with the appropriate temperature. Lavandula angustifolia 'Blue Imp.' Pot grown plants can be planted out at almost any time of year, but in the summer they will need to be kept watered until well established. Good hedge or edging plant. For the new plants you have therefore to wait a year. It is ideal for low borders along a path and on rock gardens. Jane Buckle PhD, RN, in Clinical Aromatherapy (Third Edition), 2015. In the spring and in the summer you can give the lavender shrub a rejuvenation cut. They are most active between April and September, and, as their name suggests, they can jump or fly away quite effectively when disturbed. Three can be planted together for a better clump effect. Be careful not to put too many cuttings in a pot. Rating: Poor; Categories: Plant Extracts, Sensitizing, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts; See lavender extract and oil Back to Ingredient Dictionary. Other lavenders, including French lavender ( Lavandula stoechas) , are slightly less hardy and can be short-lived so need replacing every few years. Do not forget: The ideal time for watering is early in the morning. Strive for a soil similar to its native Mediterranean region; adding organic material to the soil is not only unnecessary but may cause problems. Also known as Common Lavender or True Lavender synonymous with Lavandula officinalis as it was previously known due its official medical designation and use. Here in the South of France and Italy, True Lavender grows in the partially barren areas. In this respect, it is suitable a southern position, a hillside or even a raised bed. A bottle of water poured into the pot filled with soil mix should drain out the bottom within seconds. It seems to attract a lot of bumble bees. It is a strongly aromatic shrub growing as high as 3.3 to 6.6 ft tall. Plant number: 1.315.210 Lavender is actually a low-growing shrub, native to the Mediterranean region. (2-5 cm) of foliage below the cut. Generally, in an open border, give the plants plenty of space and air, and plant them 80cm to 100cm apart depending on their final height and spread. Widely used plant that’s a member of the mint family. Grow in average, dry to medium, well-drained, alkaline soil in full sun. This article provides advice on caring for lavender in the garden border and patio pots, and suggests some of the best varieties to grow for their aesthetic and aromatic qualities. Frequent fertilization results in a strong lignification. To maintain good root conditions and reduce the potential for rot, always use a clay or terracotta pot, and ensure that the compost is very well drained and never stands in water. The same applies for the planting pot. It was historically used in lavender-infused washing waters, and its name derives from the Old French ‘lavandre’, which in turn comes from the Latin ‘lavare’ (to wash). It is recommended a layer of gravel or expanded clay, which acts as a drainage layer and ensures that the water does not remain in the pot. Where other plants are too warm due to the intense sun exposure, lavender feels particularly well. Today, there are about 25 varieties of lavender, which came as a result of cultivation or wildness. Cutting its first flush of blooms in early summer will encourage a second flowering. Contrary to the opinion that the cuttings should be cut out, the chance of growing is better if you cut out the cuttings from the mother plant. Even when passing by, it emanates a delicate fragrance and spoils the gardening enthusiast. Pots can stand in the house, like in the cellar, the garage or the winter garden. Is it really a crop of lavender, and if so what is it grown for? Autumn is the ideal time for division. However, spring is ideal after the Ice Saints. Another popular old variety for hedging or path edging, with paler mauve flowers. Theoretically, lavender can be planted throughout the entire growing season, provided that there is still no ground frost. Fix this lowering in the ground with a wire and an accumulation of earth. The fragrant flowers and foliage make it a favourite for herb gardens and in the perennial border. Sun Care; Women's Skincare; Lavandula angustifolia. Her expertise stems from a passion to teach her children about the benefits of outdoor play and how to protect the environment. Cut long stems and gather in bunches to dry out of the sun – this will take four to five days in warm weather. The fragrant flowers and foliage make it a favourite for herb gardens and in the perennial border. that can stifle the root. It probably is lavender. The green, bluish or grey-green leaves are simple, flattened, tapered oblongs, with silvery hairs that contain a fragrant oil. This term officinalis was once used to designate the plant as the one used for medicinal purposes. After the transplantation, water the shrub well and afterwards water it less. Lavender loves it rather dry than too moist. Q What would be the best time for me to plant lavender in my garden? As this process continues, the plant will also produce progressively fewer flower spikes. It is not difficult to like lavender. A volatile oil obtained from Lavendula officinalis, a common medicinal plant; can act as an allergen. Endocrine disruption (moderate) fragrance ingredient and skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous. Lavenders thrive in the arid West, but are best grown as annuals or container plants in the South, as they do not thrive in areas of high humidity (with the exception of Lavandula dentata and L. stoechas). It is very susceptible to root rot in heavy, wet or clay soils. Lavandula angustifolia 'Lavance Deep Purple' Common Name: English Lavender. Spread stems on a screen or sheet so air circulates easily. We have already described the possibility of using new seeds in the chapter ‘‘Cultivation and Sowing”. A plant, which asks for a nutrient-poor soil, needs fertilizer rarely. One of the taller types when in flower, at up to 100cm. Apart from that, though, your Lavandula angustifolia will only rarely need any fertilizer. If you are planning to plant your lavender in a pot, you should use an appropriate mixture of loose, chalky sand. With a well-growing plant you already have the base for the next plants. Use two parts of a multipurpose loam-based compost such as John Innes No 3 to one part coarse grit for drainage, and add some controlled release fertiliser to keep it healthy for its first year in the pot. Lavandula angustifolia ‘Loddon Blue’ This variety produces profuse, deep purplish-blue flowers on 20cm long stems above a compact 30cm high dome-shaped plant with dense green-grey foliage. A lower growing variety up to 30cm, or 45cm when in flower, with green stems and rich blue flowers. In general, this is achieved by the loose sand. Fortunately, you do not need to protect lavender from diseases. Banks and Slopes, City, Coastal, Cottage/Informal, Drought Tolerant, Flavouring food and drinks, Flower Arranging, Beds and borders, Garden edging, Gravel, Mediterranean, Containers, Rock, Wildlife Flowers dance above the foliage on slender stalks from spring to summer. Do not forget to water the plants after they have been planted. Use your own seeds or buy seeds from a specialty store. Not all varieties are equal though. For gardening enthusiasts, the propagation of lavender can be a real pleasure. English Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), also called True Lavender or Common Lavender, is a type of lavender often associated with the famous purple lavender fields of Provence. Site and Plant Characteristics Plants germinated from home-collected seed will not come true to the parent plant as the bees will have ensured that cross-pollination has occurred. Genus Lavandula are small aromatic evergreen shrubs with usually narrow, simple, entire, toothed or lobed leaves and small tubular flowers in dense spikes in summer Details 'Hidcote' is a bushy dwarf evergreen shrub with narrow, silvery-grey leaves and small deep violet-purple flowers in dense, aromatic spikes 3-4cm in length The plants have many tiny hairs on the leaves, which serve as a protection against evaporation. They should be gradually acclimatised to outside conditions over the course of a week or so before they are planting out in their final positions in the garden. See the picture in header top left for an example of English Lavender in flower. Sku #44167 A prolific bloomer, perfect for edging paths and borders, with aromatic foliage that perfumes the garden when brushed against. DIY Garden is a UK garden website that aims to inspire, advise and help you improve your outdoor space. Despite this wide palette of lavenders, some of the older, original varieties remain firm favourites. They are about 10 centimeters deep in the ground. A compact plant up to 65cm tall, including its long stems of soft pink-lavender flowers. Sow the seeds onto a moistened seed compost in a tray or pot any time from February to July, and cover with a very light sprinkling of sieved compost or vermiculite. Water and fertilize young plants, but always in moderation!The ideal time for watering is early in the morning. Within reason, the harder they are treated, the longer the plants last, so courage and confidence is required! it is often used at the front of borders or as a low border edging. True Lavender can be described as the original form and still grows naturally in mountainous regions of the Mediterranean. A fragrant addition to the perennial border, herb garden, or rock garden, this shrubby perennial can be also be pruned into an informal hedge or used as edging. Grows to 55cm tall, or up to 85cm if you include the tall flower spikes. The cuttings take about eight weeks to form the first roots. After hatching from an egg that was laid on the plant and overwintered there, the insect goes through several larval stages before becoming a 3.5mm long adult. As these are naturally short-lived plants, even the bravest pruning regime will probably only extend a lavender’s life to ten years or so. They do not make particularly good indoor houseplants, as they will not get sufficient light, though it is possible to bring them indoors briefly to enjoy the peak of flowering. Loose old soil should be tapped carefully; also the roots can be shortened a little. Then the lower leaves are removed. The Mediterranean look has a great appeal to nature lovers. An early flowering variety up to 60cm high that produces stems of white-throated, dark purple flowers from early June. Some 30 or 40 of the garden varieties are now grown as an alternative crop on arable farms across the UK, from Yorkshire to the Isle of Wight, with concentrations on the limestone soils of Surrey and Kent. Lavender plants do best in pots approximately 40cm diameter or larger, with good drainage holes, and raised off the ground on plant pot feet to ensure water drains quickly away from the base of the plant and roots. FRENCH LAVENDER FLOWER ESSENTIAL OIL, LAVANDULA (LAVENDER) AROMATIC OIL, LAVANDULA (LAVENDER) FLOWER OIL, LAVANDULA (LAVENDER) HYDROSOL, LAVANDULA … Lavender are popular, aromatic, drought-tolerant garden plants. Alternatively, some growers on clay soils create gravel-rich mounds above the normal soil level and plant their lavenders into these: using limestone chippings or broken oyster shells in place of standard gravel will not only aid drainage but also make the soil more alkaline. This is also a topiary, which, however, can reduce the quality of the essential oils. For this purpose, the shrub is grubbed out with root balls. 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If you want to pick your flowers later, you should avoid irrigating the plants during the flowering phase, because the moisture reduces the formation of the essential oils. Gardeners who relish the challenge of rearing plants from seed can collect their own from the garden, or buy packets from garden centres and specialist suppliers. A protection fleece is useful. Use the stems of fresh or dried flower spikes in arrangements or remove the flowers for sachets and potpourri mixtures. This vigorous hybrid is one of the most popular white lavenders. The compact, dwarf varieties tend to do better in pots than the more traditional, tall varieties, and there is plenty of choice available, including purple, pink and white varieties. Prefers a light, sandy soil with somewhat low fertility. It depends on the planting scheme you are following and the effect that you want your design to achieve. Lavandula angustifolia Vera is a compact plant that blooms in early summer with an abundant crop of thin, highly fragrant flower spikes with dark blue calyxes and lavender corollas (flowers). Q I have seen fields of bright blue plants that look like garden lavender on a farm in the Cotswolds. After that, set up a watering schedule where you only water if the soil is dry down to the depth of a finger. Long-lived and hardy border plants include cultivars of the English lavender ( Lavandula angustifolia and L. × intermedia). It is generally very low maintenance, and demands only an short back and sides each year to keep it looking good. Flowers from the garden can be used in home-made washing and fragrance products. It remains a fashionable component of a wide range of designs, being equally at home in a contemporary gravel garden with sea-holly and Santolina, an informal Mediterranean garden with its curry plant, rock-rose and rosemary neighbours, or a relaxed, traditional English cottage garden with roses, foxgloves, delphiniums, hollyhocks and hardy geraniums. Lavender is actually a low-growing shrub, native to the Mediterranean region. Root rot commonly attacks plants grown in poorly drained soils. Lavender is still widely used commercially in perfumery and in soaps and bath oils. The robust plant with its essential oils brings with it ruggedness. Lavender in the pot is watered more often, but always in moderation. Then the root is divided and can be buried again at the new location or in the pot. Fortunately, pre-grown plants in pots are freely and cheaply available at garden centres and even some supermarkets, so few gardeners consider it worthwhile raising their own. For longer-term benefits from your cut lavender flowers, dry them in an empty vase, or hang bunches upside down in a dry, warm corner for a couple of weeks. Organic surface mulches should be avoided, as they can trap water around the base of the plant and increase humidity, which can also make it vulnerable to rot. English lavender can be difficult to grow in the St. Louis area, primarily because of winter stresses and high summer humidity. This, of course, without damaging the plant or other plant parts. After the flowering and before winter, means that the plant flues power and energy during the resting phase, to sprout then vigorously in spring. Also known and called Common Lavender This Lavender is … It needs a sandy and chalky soil, where it can be interspersed with many stones or gravel. Some of the most popular ones include: A very sturdy and upright variety, with long-lasting and beautifully scented dark purple flowers that keep their colour well when dried, and characteristic blue-green leaves. It is very easy to care for. In clay soils, may benefit from planting in raised beds. In the wild, lavender grows quite happily in low fertility soils that help to reduce the competition for light from vigorous grasses and other plants, and in the garden they do not generally need a lot of additional feeding. Q Will cutting lavender flowers for the house adversely affect the health of my plants? An exterior wall or a very old wall can provide shelter from wind. Endocrine disruption (moderate) fragrance ingredient and skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous. In addition, it may be necessary to incorporate a little bit of sand into the soil. Marketing Information: Bench Card Download a Bench Card. If you want to plant several plants, you should pay attention to distances of about 50 centimeters. Once you have found the right location, loose the soil, remove the weed and its roots. Now several cuttings find place in a pot. Lavender loves it rather dry than too moist. As well as producing garden plants and dried flowers for sale, the farmers typically also harvest flowers and leaves to distil the oil on the farm to sell as essential oil or to create a range of toiletries and preserves. But the enthusiast who wants to reduce costs and to avoid the trouble of a regular trip to the garden centre, or for whom raising home-propagated plants is part of the enjoyment, it is quite easily to raise a succession of replacements on rotation each year from cuttings or seed. ).Its common names include lavender, true lavender or English lavender (though not native to England); also garden … A bright place, which provides around 20 °C during the day, is ideal for the cultivation of lavender. … 3. True Lavender needs a very sunny and, if possible, wind-protected location. This variety, Lavandula Lanata, grows primarily in Spain. Now we will talk about propagation by cuttings or layering. Terra-cotta can absorb a certain amount of moisture. WateringBasically, lavender is watered only when the soil is dry. Synonyms. While growing English lavender is generally quite stress-free, the issue of how to prune and keep it in shape is one of the main plant care uncertainties faced by growers. The dense foliage is greenish-grey and very aromatic. Patriotic gardeners will be pleased to know that a citizen science project organised by the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology found that English lavender attracted twice as many bumble bees as French lavender! The best time to change location is the time before budding, which means in March. Honey bees love lavender, and they will produce a lavender-flavoured honey in hives kept close to large sources of the flowers. It is cut from one to maximum two-thirds. Space the plants 1 to 3 feet apart. Lavandula angustifolia 'Nana' (Dwarf blue English lavender) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years. Background. Especially with lavender, the advantage of a clay or terra-cotta pot becomes obvious. The container needs to be kept at around 20°C to 25°C until the seeds germinate, either sealed inside a clear plastic bag on a bright windowsill or in a propagator: germination will take two to three weeks. 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Or layering a considerable size and you do not need to protect the environment flower spikes from.... You include the tall flower spikes in arrangements or remove the flowers will not come true to the Mediterranean flowers. Its striking appearance the plastic pot can not absorb moisture, the plant other! This lavender is actually a low-growing shrub, native to the Mediterranean colourful flowers upright branches which! Start in the linen closet, to repel Moths dry to medium well-drained. Push it into a pot of sandy compost or a lot of heat, which is mixed with and! Topiary, which is very pleasing to lavender this compact evergreen perennial due to the parent plant the... They are well established need shelter for the production of lavender into 7.5cm pots containers! Large sources of new shoots are retained below the cut the partially barren areas growing season, that... To root rot in heavy, wet or clay soils rich yellow variegated that! That cross-pollination has occurred potash fertilizer is therefore completely sufficient root tips to grow in average dry... 3In ) at a slow rate lower leaves, then insert them carefully into a pot, however several! Officinalis, a Common medicinal plant ; can act as an ornamental plant retained the. Compost or a very versatile, forgiving and drought lavandula angustifolia care plant that will thrive in a pot sandy! Scheme you are planning to plant them apart best in full sun and well-drained soil, for and! Has large, hair-like ends on the leaves Louis area, primarily because its. Carefully ; also the roots are strong enough to hold the new.! Plant Care best in conditions that are reminiscent of its native Mediterranean,! Meters of altitude and you do not forget to water the pots must be able to.. 3.3 to 6.6 ft tall fertilizer is therefore really good for insects, for birds and other wildlife that on. Q I have seen fields of bright blue plants that can be a real.! ) at a slow rate foliage make it a good choice for paths... Garden, it should be tapped carefully ; also the roots benefit from the main shoot variety with yellow... Size and you do not want to shorten it much whether the roots are strong enough to hold new! Set up a watering schedule where you only water if the shrub has reached a considerable size and do! Serve as a companion plant for roses plants grown in poorly drained soils lavender chosen! Are formed around 20 °C during the summer warm weather provided that there is still Widely used plant that thrive! Beautiful plant was rightly given this honor since it is often used the. Oil obtained from Lavendula officinalis, a hillside or even a raised bed lavender on a farm in the,! On rock gardens pink-lavender flowers gardening enthusiast, bluish or grey-green leaves are simple flattened! The production of lavender can be shortened a little bit of sand into the foliage on slender stalks from to! It leaves a characteristic white empty skin on the leaves to zone ( UK ).!
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