Turkish was the mother tongue of Mughals, but it was Akbar who made Persian the leading language of Mughal court. 1. He ruled for five years but organized the administratin in a brillant manner. 1556 – After the second battle of Panipat Akbar succeeds to the throne. He was the eldest son of Babur and ascended the throne in 1530. The Mughal household consisted of the emperor’s wives and concubines, his near and distant relatives (mother, step-and foster-mothers, sisters, daughters, daughters-in-law, aunts, children, etc) and female servants and slaves. The local administration was looked after the level of the paragana by three semi-hereditary officers, the qanungo (keeper of revenue records), the chaudhuri (incharge of revenue collection) and the qazi. These concepts are discussed at length in Chapter 4 of CBSE Class 7 History. The main reference material for this post is NCERT History text for Class 7 (Our past -1). MCQ Questions for Class 7 History: Ch 4 The Mughal Empire. Akbar also introduced the Mansabdari System, where every officer was assigned a mansab(rank). Both the Rajputs and the Mughals took marriage as a way at cementing political relationships and forging alliances. First he established himself at Kabul and then in 1526 came to Indian sub-continent. Chronicles: It is a continuous chronological record of events. He was granted permission after initial resistance. These texts clearly depicted the policies of Mughal Empire which they sought to impose on their domain. Babur’s successor, Nasiruddin Humayun (1530-40, 1555-56) expanded the frontiers of the empire, but lost it to the Afghan leader Sher Shah Sur. Many Rajput rulers married their daughters into Mughal families to gain position in the Mughal courts. All books in Mughal India were handwritten manuscripts and were kept in Kitabkhana . Humayun conquered his lost empire back from Afghans. Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire. Divine theory of kingship: The king was believed as the representative of god, acquired his powers from him and therefore had to be obeyed. Next Prev Home. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE NOTES. CBSE Notes. We have Provided The Mughal Empire Class 7 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. i.e. the Red Fort, Jama Masjid at Delhi were built under his rule. (ii) The Mughal empire was very large and therefore for running the administration and maintaining law and order, a huge amount of finance is needed which comes from the revenue. 1526 – Babur established Mughal dynasty in India. << Click here for list of important financial committes>>, << Read about Geomorphic processes here>>, Mughal Empire – History Study Material & Notes, Land Revenue System of British in India – History study Material & Notes, Economic impact of British Rule in India- History Study Material & Notes, Anglo Maratha Wars – History Study Material & Notes, Anglo Mysore Wars – History Study Material & Notes. Dec 21, 2020 - NCERT Textbook - The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Question 2. Who wrote Ain-i-Akbari. Shahjahan’s daughter Jahanara took part in many architectural planning of new capital of the empire, Shahjahanbad. The emperor personally reviewed changes in rank, titles and official postings. He was a Chagatai Turkic prince and was descended from the Turkic conqueror Timur (Tamerlane) on his father’s side and Genghis Khan, on his mother’s side. In sulh-i kul all religions and schools of thought had freedom of expression but they did not undermine the authority of the state or fight among themselves. Below, a crowd wanted to have a look of the emperor. He defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in Battle of Khanua in 1527 near Agra. Still the Mughal empire continued till the 1857 revolt. the Rajput Policy of Akbar is lauded by many historians. Download CBSE Class 7 Social Science The Mughal Empire Notes in pdf, Social Science chapter notes, class notes mind maps formulas Revision Notes CBSE Class 7 Social Science - The Mughal Empire. He introduced new coins called as ‘dams’ which remained in circulation til 1835. Students can also use CBSE Notes Class 7 History Chapter 4-The Mughal Empire to revise the entire Chapter for the exam. He originally formed Turki and his family belongs to Mughal.Daulat Khan Lodhi, Alam Khan, and Rana Sanga … Akbar had three fairly able successors Jahangir (1605-27), Shah Jahan (1628-58) and Aurangzeb (1658-1707). THE MUGHAL EMPIRE OUR PASTS – II 48 Table 1 mughal emperors Major campaigns and events 1526 – defeated Ibrahim Lodi and his Afghan supporters at Panipat.  Mughal Empire (1526 A.D.-1857 A.D.) Babur- His actual name was Zahiruddin Mohammed, son of Omar Sheikh Mirza, the king of Ferghana in Afghanistan. His original name was Zahiruddin Muhammad. 4 Cannons were an important addition in sixteenth-century warfare. To manage the vast empire and organize the army, Akbar introduced the Mansabdari system. NCERT Solutions for Class 7. The bazaar of Chandni Chowk was designed by Jahanara. In the 17th century, mansabdar of 1,000 Zat or above was ranked as nobles. Persian language was made the language of administration throughout, but local languages were used for village accounts. Akbar’s favourite calligraphy style was the nastaliq, a fluid style with long horizontal strokes. The Badshah Nama was written by Abul Hamid Lahori about the reign of Shahjahan. Akbar’s quest for religions knowledge led to interfaith debates in the Ibadat Khana at Fatehpur Sikri, between learned Muslims, Hindus, Jainas, Parsis and Christians. The titles like Asaf Khan, Mirza Raja were given to the nobles. Question 3. He also patronized learned men like Malik muhammad Jayasi who rote Padmavar under his reign. Painters played an important role in the creation of Mughal manuscripts. 1527 – defeated Rana Sanga, Rajput rulers and allies at Khanua. Whenever a courtier met with the emperor, he had to offer nazr (a small amount of money) or peshkash (a large amount of money). It is divided into five books/sections. After that the emperor walked to the public hall of audience (Diwan-i-am) to conduct the primary business of his government. 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He defeated ibrahim lodhi in the first Battle of Panipat in 1526 and established Mughal rule in India. Many important works in Persian were produced in Akbar’s reign, notably by Abul Fazl, who wrote Ain-i-Akbari and Akbarnamah.Many other Mughal courtiers, during the reign of Akbar and his successors, also wrote many works, or translated many Hindu classics into Persian. 1648 – Shahjahanabad became the new capital of the Mughal Empire. the Afghans marched on delhi soon after he assumed throne under Hemu. This removed the barrier between the Maraths and the mughasl and confrontations began. The Mughal dynasty was founded by Bābur (reigned 1526–30). Mughal chronicles were written by mostly Mughal courtiers, who mainly focused on the events related to the rulers, their family, the court and wars and the administration. The authors of Mughal chronicles were invariably courtiers. It left a political legacy, which the succeeding rulers of the subcontinent could not ignore. Land was measured and tax was collected to about 1/3rd ogf the produce. Mughal history is known through literary and archaeological sources. He allowed his Hindu wives to worship their own gods. The term ‘harem’ was used to refer to the domestic world of the Mughals. His original name was Zahiruddin Muhammad. The emperor began his day at sunrise with personal religious devotions and then appeared on a small balcony, the jharoka for the view (darshan) of his subjects. However, the new religion did not became popular. the Jharokha in East direction. Answer: Ain-i-Akbari and Akbamamah. Babur also defeated the Afgans in battle of Gogra in Bihar. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE QUESTION ANSWERS, cbse social science CLASS 7 THE MUGHAL EMPIRE QUESTION ANSWERS, Ncert CLASS 7 social science THE MUGHAL EMPIRE QUESTION ANSWERS notes, ncert CLASS 7 social science THE MUGHAL EMPIRE QUESTION ANSWERS solutions, ncert CLASS 7 subjects, ncert CLASS … 3 Mughal army on campaign. Abu’l Fazl defined sovereignty as a social contract i.e., the emperor protected life, property, honour and faith and in return demanded obedience and a share of resources. Sulh-i-kul: It is state policy of religious tolerance. In Chapter 3 of Class 8 NCERT book: Delhi Sultans you must have learnt about Delhi Empire. Two most important illustrated Mughal official histories were—Akbar Nama and Badshah Nama. the solar and lunar. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Chapter 10. Abu’l Fazl described the ideal of Sulh-i kul (absolute peace) as the cornerstone of enlightened rule. Gun powder technology was brought to India for warfare in the 14th century. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Fig. A list of all the chapters covered in the online study material in the course is given above. In 1527 A.D., Babur defeated rana sanga in the battle of Kanwa. These points might come quite handy for Prelims and Mains. 1668 – Alamgir Nama was written by Muhammad Kazim. He was related to Timur from his father’s side and Chengiz Khan to his mother’s side. The Mughals were descendants of the Turkish ruler Timur on the paternal side. King was a divinely inspired individual who had supreme sovereignty over his people and complete control over his enemies. The famous chronicles are Akbar Nama, Shahjahan Nama and Alamgir Nama. In ICSE Class 9, History is one of the challenging subjects of all as it includes all chapters. birthdays of the Monarch and Nauroz, the Iranian New Year on the vernal equinox. Akbar proclaimed his own religion Din-i-Ilahi, against the bigotry of orthodox Ulemas. 1530 – Humayun succeeds the Mughal throne. The best app for CBSE students now provides Kings and Chronicles class 12 Notes History latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE board exams and school based annual examinations. The keeping of exact and detailed rewards was a major concern of the Mughal administration. Hadis described life event of prophet Muhammad which restricted the deception of living beings as they regarded it as function of God. Muhammad Husayn of Kashmir was one of the finest calligraphers at Akbar’s court who was honoured with the title ‘Zarrin Kalam’ (Golden pen).  He built Purana Qila in Delhi. Polygamy was practised widely by the ruling class. From Sonargaon to Sind, From Agra to Burhampur, from Jodhpur to Chittor and from Lahore to Multan. Akbar and Abu’l Fazl tried to create a philosophy of light and used it to shape the image of the king and ideology of the state. After Noor Jahan, Mughal queens and princesses began to control significant financial resources. Court histories of the Mughals were written in Persian language in the 10th /17th centuries came from different parts of the subcontinents and they are now the Indian languages. These books talk about servants of emperor, administration, judicial departments, Hindu philosophies, sayings of Akbar etc. Literary Source: Ain-i-Akbari It was written by Abul Fazi. TNPSC General Studies History free study course. Later, it was revised by Sadullah Khan. The Mughal emperors and their mansabdars spent a great deal of their income on salaries and goods. he is known for his strict administration. Revision Notes for the The Mughal Empire, CBSE Class 7 SOCIAL SCIENCE, Our Pasts Ii. the land revenue was fixed on the average yield of land assessed based on past ten years records. MCQ Questions for Class 7 History: Ch 4 The Mughal Empire. His name was Salim. INCOMMING TRAFFIC. The creation of a manuscript involved paper makers, scribes or calligraphers, gilders, painters, bookbinders, etc. In first ten years to his rule, he lead many military campaigns. The jats and Satnamis along with Sikhs revolted during his reign. To manage the vast empire and organize the army, Akbar introduced the Mansabdari system. The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes Social Science History Chapter 4 CBSE Class 7 History Chapter 4 Notes Understanding The Lesson. Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire. PDF download free. This document is highly rated by Class 7 students and has been viewed 7140 times. Two ruling groups of Indian origin, the Rajputs and the Indian Muslims (Shaikhzadas) entered the imperial service from 1560 onwards. Name any two sources to reconstruct the Age of the Mughals. Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 7 History Chapter 4 – The Mughal Empire Quick revision notes. He invited scholars of all religions for consultations. He defeated the Shia Sultans of Bijapur, Golconda eliminatng the Kutb Shahi dynasty. The Mughal Empire 1. Let’s look at the Mughal Empire in detail. These texts clearly depicted the policies of Mughal Empire which they sought to impose on their domain. This rank was not hereditary. Paintings were done on the choronicles to make them attractive. He then assumed the title of ‘Ghazi’. He fought two battles against Sher Shah, the afgan leader at Chausa and Kannauj, where he was completely defeated. The monarchs of the Mughal Empire considered themselves as legitimate rulers of vast Indian sub-continent. Babur used them effectively in the first battle of Panipat. He also built the Mosoleum at Sasaram, one of the asterpieces of indian Architecture. News reports and important official documents travelled across the Mughal Empire by imperial post which included round-the-clock relays of foot-runners (qasid or pathmar) carried papers rolled up in bamboo containers. The Jesuit accounts are based on personal observation and shed light on the character and mind of the emperor. As the Mughals became powerful, several rulers voluntarily submitted to their authority. MCQ Questions for Class 7 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. In 1585 the capital was shifted to Lahore to bring the North-West in control and to watch the frontier. He defeated ibrahim lodhi in the first Battle of Panipat in 1526 and established Mughal rule in India. From the latter half of the 16th century, the Mughals expanded their kingdom from Agra and Delhi, until in the 17th century they controlled nearly all of the subcontinent. After Sher Shah, his successors ruled till Humayun invaded in 1555. Persian became Indianised by absorbing local idioms. Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire. Its first two volumes were written by Lahori, which were later on revised by Wazir Sadullah Khan. After the death of Auranzeb (1707), the power of Mughal dynasty diminished. The Mir Bakshi supervised the corps of court writers who recorded all applications and documents of courts. Jizya: A tax imposed on non-muslims in lieu of military service. Find NCERT notes on Babur as a part of BYJU'S Medieval Indian History notes for UPSC 2021 preparation. Iranian Sufi thinker Suhrawardi developed the idea that there was a hierarchy in which the Divine Light was transmitted to the king who then became the source of spiritual guidance for his subjects. This forms a part of the syllabus for Class 9 Social Science History of ICSE. Akbar abolished the discriminating pilgrimage tax in 1563 and Jizya in 1564. The Mughal artists, from the 17th century onwards began to portray emperor wearing the haloto symbolise the light of God. Akbar designed mansab system which established spiritual relationships with a select band of his nobility by treating them as his disciples. Sher Shah built roads to strengthen communication, mainly 4 important highways. The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes Social Science History Chapter 4 Babur (1526-1530) was the first Mughal emperor, who became the ruler of old Delhi by defeating Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526. All conquerors who sought to make their way into the Indian sub-continent had to cross the Hindukush mountains. Akbar commissioned the construction of a white marble tomb for Shaikh Salim Chisthi at Sikri. Imperial Kitabkhana were the main centres for the creation of manuscripts. He ordered the construction f ibadat khana(House of Worship) at his capital Fatehpur Sikri. Nov 20, 2020 - Notes : The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 7. It gives a historical account of the first decade of Aurangzeb’s rule. Akbar Nama has three volumes. The Mughal Empire 1 2. The Akbar Nama written by Abu’l Fazl is divided into three books, of which the third one is Ain-i Akbari which provided a detailed description of Akbar’s regime. The land was divided into 4 categories: Polaj(every year cultivation), Parauti(cultivated once in 2 years), Chachar(once in 3-4 years), and Banjar( once in 5-6 years). He married the daughter of Raja Bharmal, thus maintining friendly relations with them. Chronicles of the Mughal Emperor provides us valuable informations about the institution of Mughal state. He was related to Timur from his father’s side and Chengiz Khan to his mother’s side. As the Mughals became powerful, several rulers voluntarily submitted to their authority. According to Abu’l Fazl, the Mughal emperor had the responsibility to protect the Jan, Mai, names and din of his subject. (iii) The land revenue is also important for salaries of the soldiers and officials and welfare works for the commons. After three years of his assession ,his beloved wife died in 1631, he built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife Mumtaj Mahal at Agra. He defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in Battle of Khanua in 1527 near Agra. 1563 – Akbar abolished the pilgrimage tax. Rana Pratap was defeated by the Mughal army in 1576. Revision Notes for Class 9; Revision Notes for Class 8; About Us. 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