The so-called non-state supported churches needed to equip its lay members with a variety of skills. Today, most people work in fulltime employment, and therefore have practically no time to take care of the elderly and orphans, as they did in the past. As a result, "this was the family model which female missionaries considered the Christian ideal in the early twentieth century and which they tried to inculcate among the women and girls of the urban black churches ..." (Gaitskell 1983:241). Bacon, Thomas, “Christianity Shapes American Slavery.” Religion in American history: A Reader. (English Edition) eBook: Larr, Frisky: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop [ Links ], Garner, RC. I shall briefly describe the key words used, after which I shall highlight the phenomenal growth of Christianity in sub-Saharan Africa, followed by a description of the impact of Christianity in the areas of education, socio-political life, and health. However, not all went well for the missionary societies as far as education was concerned: by 1918, it was found that these societies were not complying with the education mandate put forward by the colonial authorities. In South Africa, racial discrimination started - appallingly - in the church itself. Historical Overview of the Nigerian Christendom The advent of Christian faith in Nigeria is usually identified with the evangelisation mission of the Portuguese in 15 th century. 2013. 2005. British missionaries were largely responsible for converting sections of the African population to Christianity. Slaves were not to be secretive about anything and were supposed remember that God is always watching. Christianity is targeted by critics of colonialism because the tenets of the religion were used to justify the actions of the colonists. African Christianity thus blossomed from the seeds planted by western Missionaries, and it developed its cultural identity. Sub-Saharan Africa refers to the region of Africa to the south of the Sahara Desert (The Free Dictionary.com). Trajectories in African Christianity. Prospects of ecclesia in Africa in the twenty-first century. This influence is undoubtedly the result of the phenomenal growth of Christianity experienced in sub-Saharan Africa. According to Hinchcliff (1968:87), Lovedale provided general education for black and white pupils, education that was aimed at ensuring that the pupils better understood one another. The basis of Christianity in Africa is the same as Christianity in other parts of the world, no matter how much African tradition there is. Section three is concerned with the ways in which Christian beliefs influenced colonial policies on the environment. The last section provides a discussion of the impact of African traditional religion on conservation. The bad side that Colonialism added to Africa will be considered in this section . America’s Religions. Of course, the picture is not all rosy. The dichotomy implied in the above quotation notwithstanding, the goal in introducing medical services in sub-Saharan Africa was to provide Africans with a more holistic service, given that, as far as the African is concerned, there is no separation between the physical and the spiritual dimension of human life (Manala 2005:64). The missionaries' fight for justice helped to introduce certain humane considerations and actions into the activities carried out by the colonial authorities. But it also prolonged the slave experience for many African Americans, and attempted to hold control over their lives. (Raboteau, 222) It was the religion of the people around the slaves that enabled them to witness the many positive and negative sides of Christianity at this time. From the above conflicts, we can see that although Christianity has made some impact on Igbo people, it has not totally changed their worldview. The Dictionary of African Christian Biography The spread of the faith in Africa represents perhaps the most dramatic advance in all Christian history, and yet the names and stories of persons chiefly responsible are largely unknown. African Christianity goes back to very early times, and the Christianity that developed in Africa influenced the religion's later growth in Europe. Albert Luthuli, who was ANC President during the Defiance Campaign of the 1950s, was a devout member of the Congregational Church. In African thought, good health is regarded as equal to life itself (Moila 2002:21; Osei 2003:168), which is why health is among the highest aspirations of black Africans. The conviction is that the impact of Christianity on the region is nothing short of massive, and in this article, this impact is presented in terms of both its positive and negative effects. [ Links ], Sarfarti, J. A negative view of Christianity and religion in general. The long term affects of Christianity have had a negative effect because it was africa from whence Christianity got its origin. The church literally became, in the words of Walshe (1991:28), "a site of the struggle". Optimism about the success of the missionary endeavour emerged from the 1910 Edinburgh World Missionary Conference report, which affirmed "the possibility of completing the evangelization of the non-Christian world within a generation" (Barret 1970:39). According to much-quoted, if somewhat unreliable, statistics, there were 10 million African Christians in 1900, 143 million in 1970, and there will be 393 million in the year 2000, which would mean that 1 in 5 of all Christians would be an African. That said, members of Pentecostal/healing churches were less likely to get infected because of their churches' strict teaching against premarital and extra-marital sex. The Journal of Modern African Studies 29(1), 27-60. The whites’ Christianity said that slavery was just and that it was the slaves’ duty to be a slave. Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 2002. [ Links ], Manala, MJ. Christianity without God. In South Africa as well, mission work would not be complete without serious attention to health care. Comparative Education 4(1), 37-53. Even though there was little resistance to conversion, most priests and missionaries spent their time converting whites. Impact of Christianity on health in sub-Saharan Africa. Women were socialised to accept that "a woman who took on the masculine role of participation in public life was considered to have renounced the feminine virtues of silence, reticence, modesty and most significantly, chastity" (Miles 2009:6). Therefore, the Christian ideals that were overheard were open to interpretation. 23-28, 216-219, 322-328. Indeed made a signifycant contribution to the region as a source of change! 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